In a landmark study United Nations scientists have warned that the world is not safe and humanity’s damaging impact on the climate is a “statement of fact.”
The report from the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) which was published this morning is the first part of a review of the current scientific report of how the world is changing as a result of human activity.
The landmark review warns that there will be flooding, droughts and heatwaves which will happen more frequently and more intense as planet earth is set to hit the 1.5C global warming limit.
Scientists have predicted the 1.5C global warming limit will happen in the next 20-years and the rate of warming over the last 2,000 years has been “unprecedented.”
UN scientists have said it was “unequivocal” that human influence hes most definitely warmed the world and we are responsible for 1.1C of global warming since 1850 the report says.
UN Environment Programme chief Inger Ansersen said, “Nobody’s safe and it’s getting worse faster. We must treat climate change as an immediate threat.”
Every part of the earth which is inhabited is already impacted and the 1.5C of warming will be met in the best case scenario whereby we will see more frequent and intense weather events.
Even in the most optimistic scenarios, sea level rise will never be reversed, even with the lowest emissions scenario, the report says.
Greta Thunberg who is a climate activist said on Twitter, the report “confirms what we already know… that we are in an emergency.”
“We can still avoid the worst consequences, but not if we continue like today, and not without treating the crisis like a crisis.”
Dr Joeri Rogelj, climate change lecturer at Imperial College London said there is “good news” in the report.
Dr Rogelj said that if the world does achieve net zero by 2050, then there is a “significant chance” the earth could stabilise below 1.5C.
Lead author Dr Tamsin Edwards told Sky News, “That is something people may see as optimistic, but we’re not there, and we are on higher emissions pathways at the moment that would lead to much greater climate change.”
One of the scientists who is was involved in the report, Professor Piers Forster, from Leeds University said, “This report will be able to say a whole lot more about the extremes we are experiencing today and it will be able to be categoric that our emissions of greenhouse gases are causing them and they are also going to get worse.”
Professor Forster told LBC Radio, “The report will come with quite a lot of bad news about where we are and where we’re going, but there are going to be nuggets of optimism in there which I think are really good for the climate change negotiations.
“The first one is that, if can really get our act together to cut our greenhouse gas emissions within the next 10-year time frame and to get to these net-zero targets that everyone is talking about, there’s a good chance we can try and keep temperatures in the longer term below 1.5 degrees.”
The COP26 President, Alok Sharma told the Guardian in an interview, You’re seeing on a daily basis what is happening across the world. Last year was the hottest on record, the last decade the hottest decade on record.”
Sharma warned that the world is getting “dangerously close” to running out of time to cut greenhouse gas.
He added, “I don’t think we’re out of time but I think we’re getting dangerously close to when we might be out of time.”
Sharma said, “Every fraction of a degree rise makes a difference and that’s why countries have to act now.”
“We’re seeing the impacts across the world, in the UK or the terrible flooding we’ve seen across Europe and China, or forest fires, the record temperatures that we’ve seen in North America.
“Every day you will see a new high being recorded in one way or another across the world.”
Prime Minister Boris Johnson said the IPCC study was “sobering reading” that in the next 10-years is is “pivotal to securing the future of our planet.”