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Restaurants and coffee shop giving dangerous allergy advice

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Staff at leading restaurant and coffee shop chains gave undercover journalists incorrect allergy advice which could have caused anyone with a genuine allergy to have a potentially life-threatening reaction.

Posing as customers with food allergies, Watchdog Live’s undercover journalists secretly filmed staff at branches of Frankie and Benny’s, Pizza Hut, Nandos, Pizza Express, Starbucks and Costa. They asked staff if specific dishes contained one of the 14 major allergens, including nuts, mustard and celery – which is often used as flavouring in stocks and sauces.

By law cafes, restaurants and takeaways should be able to give customers clear information about which dishes contain allergens. None of the outlets visited had allergens listed on menus or labels, so customers must rely on staff being able to give accurate information.

In total, five out of the 30 outlets visited gave undercover journalists unclear or incorrect information, some of which was dangerously misleading.

  • In one Frankie and Benny’s restaurant, the undercover journalist told staff she had a celery allergy and enquired about Eggs Royale, which the company’s website says contains celery. The server did not at any point consult a product information guide or check with the kitchen, but assured the journalist that the dish didn’t contain any celery.
  • At a second Frankie and Benny’s, the reporter was asked to agree to terms and conditions that state Frankie and Benny’s can never guarantee that a dish is completely free of any allergen – except for gluten. The server told the reporter the form “saves our back.”
  • At one Costa Coffee, the reporter asked for a mince pie they knew contained milk; however, even after thoroughly consulting the allergy book they were told it contained soya milk. Tony Lewis from the Chartered Institute of Environmental Health says this is the result that worried him the most.
  • In a branch of Pizza Hut, a reporter asked if its mac n’ cheese contained mustard (which is listed as an ingredient on the company’s website). A member of staff showed the reporter a book containing allergy advice, but neither the reporter nor the staff member could understand the information in the book. Next, the reporter asked if the pepperoni pizza contains mustard (again it is listed as an ingredient online) but was told the member of staff couldn’t give him any more information than that listed in the allergy book – which again was unclear.
  • At one branch of Nando’s, the reporter asked if a burger contained mustard. The server guessed it didn’t, but when the allergen book was checked it did in fact contain Mustard.
  • Pizza Express was the only chain to give accurate advice in each of the five branches visited; while in one branch of Starbucks the advice was ambiguous, with a staff member initially telling the reporter the item he’d chosen – a lemon loaf cake with almonds in the ingredients – did not contain nuts, but ultimately advising there was still a risk of nut contamination.

After hearing our results Tony Lewis, Head of Policy at the Chartered Institute of Environmental Health, said: “Five is a significant number and if you scale it up nationally, it becomes a very, very large number indeed. And that’s worrying, that there’s businesses out there that will be asked by people with allergies for information, and they’re not being given the right information or they’re being misled in some instances. That’s really scary and that’s what bothers me a lot.”

Watchdog Live presenter Steph McGovern, said: “Five out of 30 places got it wrong which, for some of the biggest names in the business, just isn’t good enough. They’re relying on staff getting it right every time, and when they don’t, the results can be fatal. But there’s a simple solution that would save lives – printing allergy information on labels and menus.”

The solution is supported by Rasel Shahid, whose sister Shahida died in 2015 after being served a chicken burger that had been marinated in buttermilk – despite telling restaurant staff she had a dairy allergy.

Rasel told Watchdog Live: “Shahida’s death was entirely preventable […..] If buttermilk was labelled properly and correctly on the menu, Shahida would still be here today, so that’s how effective it would have been just to have correct labelling.”




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