The Bank of England’s Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) has set monetary policy to meet the 2% inflation target, and in a way that helps to sustain growth and employment.
At its meeting ending on 15 December 2021, the MPC voted by a majority of 8-1 to increase Bank Rate by 0.15 percentage points, to 0.25%.
Federation of Small Businesses (FSB) has warned that this will place further pressure on small businesses who have debt.
This comes as more than a million businesses borrowed money during the pandemic and many more companies took on debt over a year ago.
National Chair of the FSB Mike Cherry warned, “This move will increase pressure on small firms with debt – four in ten of which describe their level of borrowing as ‘unmanageable’.
“More than a million small businesses took out loans during the pandemic, with a significant proportion of them first-time borrowers. Many took on debt more than a year ago, on the basis that Covid would be under control by now. ”
Cherry added, “While Bounce Back Loans thankfully have a fixed interest rate, a lot of facilities held by firms – including Interruption Loans and debt that predates lockdowns – will be affected by the uplift, alongside personal borrowing. Any increase could push those just managing to make ends meet to the brink. There is a strong case that CBILS borrowers need to be offered flexibility over repayment, similar to the Pay as you Grow scheme that Bounce Back Loan borrowers can use.
“That said, with many businesses far past the point where they can absorb surging input costs, the hope is that this intervention helps to curb price rises. The concern, by contrast, is that this increase proves to be the worst of both worlds: too little to rein in inflation, and too much for indebted businesses who cannot afford extra repayments.
“Consumer demand has been sharply suppressed by the onset of omicron – the imposition of Plan B and last night’s Government press conference are only exacerbating matters. The advice now is to err on the side of staying home, but that advice is not being backed up by support for businesses which have seen their takings crater as a result.
“The situation is critical. And yet, where is the support that small businesses need? We’ve put recommendations to policymakers and – in these final crucial days before Christmas – it’s more than time for the Government to step in. If it doesn’t, many smaller firms may not make it to the end of this year.”