Home Business Insights & Advice What is a split capital investment trust?

What is a split capital investment trust?

by Sarah Dunsby
4th Mar 24 3:13 pm

Investing in the stock market offers a plethora of options, each with its unique features and benefits. Among these, a particularly intriguing option involves a setup where the capital structure is divided into different types of shares, each offering various levels of risk and reward. This article dives into the essence of such an investment vehicle, exploring its definition, workings, benefits, risks, and how it compares to other investment options.

What is this investment vehicle?

This investment vehicle is a special kind of fund that’s set up to help people invest their money in a variety of assets, like stocks or bonds. It’s unique because it’s split into different parts, each with its own risks and rewards. This means investors can pick the part that matches what they’re looking for, whether they want to take a big risk for the chance of a big reward, or prefer something safer. Here’s what makes it stand out:

  • Diverse options: You can choose from different types of shares within the same fund. Some shares might aim to give you a steady income, while others focus on growing your investment over time.
  • Tailored risk: Depending on which part you invest in, you can decide if you want to play it safe or go for bigger gains with higher risk.
  • Planned end date: This fund has a specific closing date. When it ends, you’ll get back your investment based on the value of the assets at that time.
  • Income and growth: Some parts of the fund aim to pay you regular income, while others are all about increasing the value of your money over time.

This setup allows for flexibility and choice, making it an interesting option for investors with different goals and risk tolerances.

How does it work?

The operation of this financial instrument is grounded in its split capital structure. Here’s a breakdown of the common share types:

  • Income shares: Aimed at investors seeking regular income, these shares get priority in receiving dividends from the income generated by the trust’s portfolio.
  • Capital shares: These shares appeal to investors looking for capital growth. Capital shareholders are usually last in line to receive payouts, but they benefit from any residual value after all other obligations have been met, potentially leading to higher returns.
  • Zero-dividend preference shares: Offering a fixed return at a future date, these shares suit those looking for a predictable outcome. They have a prior claim over the income and capital shares in terms of capital repayment, but, as the name suggests, pay no dividends.

The diverse share class structure allows investors to select an option that best fits their risk tolerance and financial goals.


Imagine having a toolbox where each tool does a different job to help you build something great. That’s kind of what it’s like when you have certain investments in your financial plan. Here are some cool benefits of using a specific type of investment that’s designed to meet different needs:

  • Choice of shares: You get to choose from different types of shares. Some are safer and pay you regular money (like getting a steady allowance), and some have the chance to grow more over time (like planting a seed and watching it grow into a big tree).
  • Regular income: For those who need a steady flow of cash, like getting a monthly paycheck, this investment can be really helpful. It’s like having a mini-job that pays you regularly without having to work for it.
  • Potential for growth: If you’re aiming for a big goal in the future, like buying a house or saving for a dream vacation, some shares are designed to increase in value over time, helping you reach your goals faster.
  • Flexibility: It’s like having a Swiss Army knife for your money. You can pick and choose what works best for you, whether you need a steady income now or want to grow your money for the future.

These benefits show how having the right tools in your financial toolbox can help you build a solid plan for your money, giving you the freedom to choose what’s best for your life and your goals.



Just like when you’re skateboarding or riding a bike, doing exciting things comes with risks. And the same goes for putting your money into certain investments. Here’s what to watch out for:

  • Market ups and downs: Think of the stock market like a roller coaster. Sometimes it’s up, and sometimes it’s down. Your investment might lose value if the market dips, especially if you’re in the more growth-focused shares.
  • Complexity: These aren’t your simple, straightforward savings accounts. They’re a bit like a puzzle. You need to understand how the different pieces fit together, like the difference between the safer income shares and the riskier growth shares.
  • Debt levels: Some of these investments use borrowing to try to increase gains. But just like using a credit card, if things don’t go as planned, there’s more to pay back. High debt can be risky if the investment’s assets lose value.
  • Interest rate changes: Interest rates are like the weather; they can change and affect your investment. If rates go up, the value of the investment might go down, especially for the income-focused shares.

Being aware of these risks is like wearing your helmet and pads. It doesn’t stop the fun, but it means you’re better prepared for the bumps along the way.

Comparison with other investment options

When you think about growing your money, there are lots of paths you can take. Imagine each path as a different way to reach your financial goals. One interesting path is called a split capital. This is just one type of investment among many, like stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and ETFs (Exchange-Traded Funds). Let’s see how it stands out:

  • Safety vs. risk: Unlike regular stocks, where you ride the ups and downs of the market, split capital offers a structured approach. You can choose the safer side with income shares or take a risk for higher gains with capital shares.
  • Earnings: If you’re looking for steady income, this might be a good pick. It’s designed to give you regular payouts, which is great for planning your finances. However, if you’re all about big growth, stocks or mutual funds might be more your style.
  • Flexibility: These trusts are a bit like having your cake and eating it too. You can pick the part of the trust that fits your goals—steady income or growth potential. Not all investments give you such clear choices.
  • Investment goals: Think about what you want from your investment. If you’re saving for something big in the future, the growth part of a split capital investment trust could help. But if you need money coming in now, the income shares are appealing.

Comparing investment options isn’t just about what could make you the most money. It’s also about how much risk you’re willing to take and what fits your life right now. This type of trust offers a unique blend of choices that can suit different needs and goals.


For those navigating the investment landscape, understanding the nuances of various options is crucial. The investment vehicle discussed here offers a unique proposition for investors looking to tailor their portfolio according to specific risk and return profiles. However, its complexity and associated risks necessitate thorough research and, often, guidance from financial advisors. As with any investment, a balanced approach, considering both potential returns and inherent risks, is key to achieving financial goals.


The above information does not constitute any form of advice or recommendation by London Loves Business and is not intended to be relied upon by users in making (or refraining from making) any finance decisions. Appropriate independent advice should be obtained before making any such decision. London Loves Business bears no responsibility for any gains or losses.

Leave a Comment


Sign up to our daily news alerts

[ms-form id=1]