New analysis by Churchill Car Insurance reveals that there have been 7,405 prosecutions for the theft of a motor vehicle in England and Wales in five years (latest data available 2012 to 2016), an average of four prosecutions in court every single day.
Over the last five years, custodial sentences have been handed down in just 20 per cent of all trials, with the average length standing at 21 months. When a prison sentence was not awarded, the average fine issued was just £198.
The analysis also highlights an increase in trials of juveniles in car theft cases, with a 52 per cent rise in the number of under-18s prosecuted between 2012 and 2016. Over the past five years, 14 per cent of all trials for theft involved juveniles. The conviction rate of juveniles is slightly higher than the UK average, with around 54 per cent of all under-18 trials resulting in a successful prosecution, compared to 50 per cent across the entire population.
On a regional basis, London had the greatest number of charges for vehicle theft, where the Metropolitan Police reported a total of 1,490 cases between 2012 and 2016. This accounts for a fifth (20 per cent) of the English and Welsh national totals. During this period, an average of six defendants were brought before a court in London for the theft of a vehicle every week.
Table one: Top ten police forces by number of incidents of vehicle theft per 10,000 cars
|Police Force|| |
Number of individuals charged with the theft of a motor vehicle,
2012 – 2016
Percentage change in offences,
2012 – 2016
Number of incidents per 10,000 vehicles4,
2012 – 2016
|Metropolitan Police Service||1,490||+54 per cent||4.83|
|West Midlands Police||623||-6 per cent||3.55|
|Greater Manchester Police||486||No change||3.68|
|West Yorkshire Police||402||-17 per cent||3.43|
|Lancashire Constabulary||220||+3 per cent||2.68|
|South Yorkshire Police||192||-18 per cent||2.78|
|Northumbria Police||188||-21 per cent||2.78|
|Nottinghamshire Police||171||-24 per cent||2.91|
|Cleveland Police||147||-9 per cent||5.22|
|Humberside Police||144||-54 per cent||2.74|
|England and Wales total||7,405||-7 per cent||2.20|
Churchill’s analysis of official data shows that between 2012 and 2016, nearly 380,000 vehicles were reported as stolen to police forces, the equivalent of 208 every day. Additional analysis3 also reveals that more than half (51 per cent) of vehicle thefts occur between the hours of midnight and 6am, with cars often taken from semi-private locations, such as driveways or garages not connected to the home (49 per cent of cases) or on the street (31 per cent). In 40 per cent of cases the stolen vehicle is returned to the owner, though in two thirds (66 per cent) of these cases, damage was inflicted on the vehicle when it was stolen.