London’s economy has experienced strong growth over the past decade, according to Instant Offices. The research found the three biggest business segments driving London forward are information and communication, financial and insurance, and professional, scientific and technical services.
The UK Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES) showed distinct trends in growth for specific sectors, in London and in the UK as a whole.
Key findings for the period between 2015 and 2016 were as follows:
- The number of employees in the UK increased by 1.8%, from 29.5 million to 30.0 million.
- The biggest increases in employees were concentrated in London (up 2%) and the East of England (up 3.2%).
- The largest increase in employees was in the professional, scientific and technical industry, up 4.7%.
- Accommodation and food services also experienced growth of 4.7%.
- Employees in the professional, scientific and technical industry accounted for 21% of the UK’s total increase in employees.
- Employee numbers dropped in the following sectors: retail (by 2.2%), agriculture, forestry and fishing (1.4%), education (0.4%), property (0.6%) and public administration (0.2%).
Where are London’s top sectors based?
According to the Greater London Authority, London’s biggest sectors are concentrated as follows:
Inner London: Employment in London’s three key industries is largely concentrated in the inner London sub-region. Inner London also has a large entertainment and hospitality industry, employing people in accommodation, food, arts, entertainment, and retail services.
Outer London: Employment in the outer London sub-region is typically more concentrated in sectors that serve the local population. These include healthcare, education, business administration, and retail services.
In some parts of the city’s outer reaches, the most prominent sectors are more industrial, in areas such as transport and storage, wholesale, manufacturing and utilities. In outer west London in particular, there is a high concentration of jobs in the transport and storage sector around Heathrow airport.
Top London sectors to watch
There are a few sectors that are expected to see especially rapid growth in 2018 and beyond. These include:
Tech: Digital technology continues to grow and thrive, with £28 billion invested in the sector since 2011. In fact, the digital economy is growing faster than the UK economy as a whole, as reported by Tech Nation.
Looking to future trends in the tech sector, there is a growing demand for cybersecurity professionals. The Recruitment & Employment Confederation (REC) has predicted a significant increase over the coming year, as more businesses look to protect themselves from potentially debilitating cyber-attacks.
FinTech: The financial technology sector in the UK and London had a record year for investment in 2017, with more than $1 billion in investments with over 90% of which were made in London-based firms. FinTech looks set to keep growing in the coming months, driving the city’s economy forward.
Design and creative industries: Research from Nesta and the Creative Industries Council recently revealed that creative industries are driving economic growth across the UK. Local economies have grown their employment rates in creative industries by an average of 11%, growing at twice the rate of other sectors.